Balita Terlalu Banyak Minum Susu

sumber : sehatgroup.web.id / milissehat.web.id
04/10/2004
Q : Anak saya 21 bl,saya bingung dengan anak saya yang susah sekali makan, untuk 4 sendok makan itu sudah bagus untuk anak saya, dan dia lebih suka susu kedelai, dalam satu hari bisa 10 botol, saya sudah coba kurangi susunya, tapi sama saja porsi makannya tidak berubah bahkan susah sekali, yang paling dia suka hanya chips kentang, apakah anak saya akan ketergantungan susu sampai dia besar?Saya sangat butuh jawabanya bu….Sebelumnya saya ucapkan terimakasih.
Iin

A : Dear IInThanks buat emailnyaUsia se anakmu memang sedang “susah-susah”nya. Mereka mau menunjukkan independensinya dalam berbagai bentuk termasuk perihal pola makanDi lain pihak, di atas usia 1 tahun, susu bukan lagi makanan inti. Susu hanya merupakan asupan kalsium padahal kamu bisa dapat kalisum dari makanan sehari-hari.
Kalau terlalu banyak susu, otomatis anak tak mau makan; anaknya gemuk tetapi biasanya kadar Hbnya agak rendah alias anemis karena bagaimanapun susu tersebut tak lagi mencukupi kebutuhannya. Kalau boleh saya sarankan, tidak ada cara lain selain mengurangi susunya menjadi 500 – 750 ml saja sehari.
Kedua, tentunya dia akan merasa lapar tetapi memaksa minta susu. Katakan dengan tegas tanpa marah, bahwa kamu tidak bisa memberikan susu. Saya selalu tekankan kepada para orang tua, bahwa, anak-anak merupakan individu yang sangat cerdas. Di satu sisi, dia akan bertahan dengan keinginannya sampai suatu saat kalau ia melihat ibunya konsisten dan tegas, ia pun akan menyerah. Kedua, anak sangat cerdas sehingga, tubuh dan otaknya tidak akan membiarkan ia diserang kelaparan hebat, pasti dia akan mengkonsumsi makanannya. Nah oleh karena itu, sambil dibatasi susunya, kamu sediakan snacks sehat di piring-piring kecil yang sewaktu-waktu akan dia ambil ketika rasa laparnya tidak tertahankan. Ok selamat mencoba

Dr.wati

Serba-serbi penyebab anak susah makan & tips praktis mengatasinya

sumber : milis sehat
(Ditulis bebas & dirangkum dari berbagai sumber oleh Luluk Lely Soraya I)

Problema sulit makan ini dialami anak di usia balita. Umumnya mulai
ditemui pada usia anak 1-4 th. Banyak hal yang menyebabkan anak susah
makan. Karena bagi anak, saat makan itu bukan hanya pemenuhan gizi tetapi
juga saat penuh tantangan, rasa ingin tahu, berlatih, belajar, dsb.

Berikut sekilas bahasan penyebab anak susah makan & tips singkat
mengatasinya :

1. Bosan dengan menu makan ataupun penyajian makanan.

Menu makan saat bayi (> 6 bl) yg itu-itu saja akan membuat anak bosan dan
malas makan. Belum lagi cara penyajian makanan yg campur aduk antara lauk
pauk spt makanan diblender jadi satu. Sama spt orang dewasa, kalau kita
makan dg menu yg sama tiap hari dan disajikan dg campur aduk, pasti akan
malas makan.
Begitu juga dg pengenalan makanan kasar.

Tips : Tentu saja variasikan menu makan anak. Jika perlu buat
menu makan anak min. selama 1 minggu utk mempermudah ibu mengatur variasi
makanan. Jadi tergantung pinter-pinter-nya ibu memberikan makanan
bervariasi. Spt kalau anak gak mau nasi, kan bisa diganti dg roti, makaroni,
pasta, bakmi, dsb.
Penyajian makanan yg menarik juga penting sekali. Jangan campur adukkan
makanan. Pisahkan nasi dg lauk pauknya. Hias dg aneka warna & bentuk. Jika
perlu cetak makanan dg cetakan kue yg lucu.

2. Memakan cemilan padat kalori menjelang jam makan, sehingga
anak tidak merasa lapar. Seperti permen, minuman ringan, coklat, hingga
snack ber-MSG, dsb. Akibatnya ketika jam makan tiba anak sudah
kekenyangan.

Tips : Atur makanan selingan atau cemilan jauh sebelum waktu
makan tiba. Beri juga cemilan yang sehat spt potongan buah, sayur kukus,
keju, yoghurt, es krim, cake buatan ibu, dsb.

3. Minum susu terlalu banyak

Susu di banyak keluarga dianggap sebagai makanan ¡¨dewa¡¨ yang bisa
menggantikan makanan utama spt nasi, sayur & lauk pauknya
Orangtua cenderung kurang sabar memberikan makanan kasar.
Atau orang tua sering takut anaknya kelaparan, sehingga makanan diganti
dengan susu..Akhirnya, daripada perut si anak tidak kemasukan makanan,
diberikan saja susu berlebihan. Padahal setelah anak berusia 1th, kehadiran
susu dalam menu sehari-hari bukanlah hal wajib. Secara gizi, susu hanya
untuk memenuhi kebutuhan kalsium dan fosfor saja. Kan kalsium dan fosfor ini
dengan mudah kita dapatkan dalam ikan-ikanan, sayur & buah.

Tips : Kurangi susu ! Di atas usia 1 tahun kebutuhan susu hanya 2
gelas sehari. Mulailah melatih anak dg berbagai jenis makanan. Ubah pola
pikir orangtua.

4. Terpengaruh kebiasaan orang tuanya.

Anak suka meniru apa yang dilakukan oleh anggota keluarga lainnya,
terutama orang tuanya. Banyak perilaku yg dilakukan ortunya yg mempengaruhi
perilaku makan anak. Mis. anak yang tumbuh dalam lingkungan keluarga yang
malas makan (ex. diet), akan mengembangkan perilaku malas makan juga.

Perilaku lainnya, sering kita jumpai orang tua masih menyuapi anak yang
sudah kelas V SD. Akibatnya anak gak terlatih untuk bisa makan sendiri.

Perilaku makan yang kurang pas juga spt kebiasaan ortu ketika menenangkan
anak yg sedang rewel dengan cara membelikan jajanan yang padat kalori
(permen, minuman ringan, coklat, dsb.).
Akibatnya anak kekenyangan & malas makan.

Tips :
Perhatikan & ubah kebiasaan & perilaku orang tua kapanpun, termasuk
perilaku makan. Ingat, anak merekam, belajar & menerapkan semua hal yg ia
dapat dari lingk sekitarnya, terutama ortunya. Biarkan anak mencoba memakan
makanan sendiri sejak dini, tanpa disuapi. Gak perlu takut berantakan.
Feeding is about learning.

5. Munculnya sikap negativistik „» fase normal yg dilewati tiap anak.

Pada usia >2 th, anak sering ¡¨membangkang¡¨/ tidak mau patuh. Saat makan
tiba, anak terkadang bilang ¡¨gak mau¡¨, makanannya suka dilepeh atau
dilempar, dsb. Ini disebut sikap negativistik.
Sikap negativistik merupakan fase normal yg dilalui tiap anak usia balita.

Sikap ini juga suatu bagian dari tahapan perkembangannya untuk menunjukkan
keinginan untuk “independent”. Jadi batita umumnya ditandai dengan “AKU”,
artinya segala sesuatunya harus berasal dari AKU bukan dari orang lain;
intinya “power”.

Nah banyak ortu yg gak memahami hal ini, sehingga lantaran khawatir
kecukupan gizi anak tidak terpenuhi, orang tua biasanya makin keras
memaksa anaknya makan. Ada ortu yg mengancam anaknya bahkan memukul. Cara2
tsb harus dihindari.

Justru semakin anak pd usia ini dipaksa, justru akan makin melawan
(sebagai wujud negativistiknya). Realisasinya apalagi kalau bukan
penolakan terhadap makanan. Bisa dimaklumi kalau ada orang yang sampai
dewasa emoh makan nasi atau sama sekali tak menyentuh daging. Bisa jadi
sewaktu masih kecil yang bersangkutan sempat mengalami trauma akibat
perlakuan orang tuanya yang selalu memberinya makan secara paksa.

Tips : Pahami kondisi anak dg baik. Jadilah ortu yg otoritatif. Artinya
bersikap tidak memaksa, tetapi juga tidak membiarkan begitu saja. Bina
komunikasi yg baik dg anak. Bersabarlah menghadapi anak. Kan rumah adalah
¡¨madrasah¡¨ pertama & utama bagi anak.

5. Anak sedang sakit / sedih
Anak tidak mau makan dapat juga disebabkan krn anak sedang sakit atau
sedang sedih. Kalau semula anak terlihat aktif, riang dan “cerewet”, maka di
kala sakit ia lebih suka diam dan terlihat malas-malasan.

Tips : Kembali pada konsep bina komunikasi yg baik. Jangan paksakan anak
kalau gak mau makan. Beri makanan ringan yg padat kalori, spt makaroni
skutel, dsb.

Yg jelas dan perlu diingat baik2 oleh tiap ortu adalah
Seberapapun anak gak mau / susah makan, ia tidak akan membiarkan dirinya
kelaparan ! Selama mentalnya sehat.
Artinya, begitu ia kelaparan, maka ia akan makan.

Tetap kreatif mengolah & menyajikan makanan, bina komunikasi yg baik,
terus belajar menjadi ortu & memahami kondisi anak, dan bersabar.

9 Cara Membuat Si Kecil Makan Lebih Sehat

sumber : http://www.dechacare.com/9-Cara-Membuat-Si-Kecil-Makan-Lebih-Sehat-I629.html

Jika sejak kecil buah hati Anda sudah mengenal makanan yang kurang sehat, seperti junk food, snack MSG, atau minuman berkarbonasi, tak heran jika ia agak sulit untuk mau mengkonsumsi makanan sehat. Sayuran, buah-buahan, atau makanan sehat lainnya agak sulit untuk dikonsumsi anak-anak. Namun, jika tak dibiasakan, lama-kelamaan si kecil bisa menderita obesitas. Berikut adalah cara yang bisa Anda lakukan untuk membujuk anak untuk mengkonsumsi makanan sehat.

1. Persediaan di lemari
Persediaan yang Anda miliki di lemari penyimpanan makanan akan memengaruhi pola makan si kecil. Hindari camilan tinggi lemak, asin, dan manis dari daftar belanjaan Anda. Alih-alih, pilih makanan seperti buah-buahan dan sayuran untuk disimpan. Khususnya makanan yang mudah dibawa dan dimakan, seperti apel, pisang, dan wortel kecil. Makanan lain yang sehat, seperti yogurt tanpa lemak, selai kacang alami, biskuit whole-grain, dan susu rendah lemak.

2. Ajak seisi keluarga untuk berpartisipasi
Ajak agar si kecil berpartisipasi dalam mengambil barang belanjaan. Misal, dengan memberikan masing-masing daftar belanjaan makanan sehat yang memang akan Anda beli. Anak tak boleh memasukkan makanan yang tak tercantum di daftar ke dalam kereta belanja. Mereka akan terbiasa terekspos dengan makanan sehat dengan sendirinya.

3. Asupan kalsium
Anak-anak butuh kalsium, apalagi yang sedang dalam masa pertumbuhan. Anda harus lebih cerdas dalam menjalankan taktik. Misalnya, tambahkan keju rendah lemak tinggi kalsium ke dalam omelet sarapannya, atau lelehan keju tinggi kalsium di atas rotinya. Pandai-pandai untuk berkreasi agar kebutuhan vitamin si kecil terpenuhi dan sehat.

4. Celup-celup
Celup-celup sayuran dan buah bikin acara makan jadi lebih menyenangkan. Coba hidangkan potongan buah apel beserta yogurt vanila rendah lemak. Agar si kecil juga mengenal, bahwa makanan sehat pun enak rasanya. Plus, supaya ia tak lagi takut untuk mencoba makanan selain makanan yang biasa ia makan di meja makan atau di kantin.

5. Jadi panutan
Jadilah panutan dan ajari anak-anak untuk menyeimbangkan pilihan ketika sedang makan di luar. Tambahkan salad hijau dalam pesanan dan pesan saus yang rendah lemak. Pilih mustar ketimbang mayones pada olesan sandwich. Pilih makanan yang dikukus ketimbang gorengan.

6. Perbanyak serat
Ketika anak-anak sudah mengenal makanan junk food yang asin dan banyak lemak, sulit untuk membuat mereka menyukai makanan yang kaya serat. Padahal, serat ketika dikombinasikan dengan air yang banyak bisa mencegah konstipasi. Makanan berserat yang amat baik memiliki 5 gram atau lebih serat per saji. Sementara makanan yang dinilai cukup baik memiliki sajian antara 2,5 hingga 4,9 gram per saji. Beberapa makanan yang memiliki kandungan serat baik, antara lain, kentang manis panggang dimakan dengan kulit yang sudah dibersihkan, dan keripik gandum (flake).

7. Sajikan porsi kecil
Untuk memastikan bahwa si kecil tidak makan terlalu banyak, pastikan ia hanya mendapatkan makanan dengan sajian yang secukupnya. Cegah agar si kecil tidak mengkonsumsi terlalu banyak camilan, pisahkan camilan untuknya dalam porsi kecil. Misal, siapkan 1 tempat makan khusus untuknya yang berisi camilan yang boleh ia makan. Ini berguna untuk menghindarkannya mengkonsumsi makanan berlebihan, sekaligus mengkontrolnya mengambil makanan di luar porsinya.

8. Tambahkan makanan sehat
Jangan lupa untuk menghidangkan buah-buahan di rumah. Selain rendah kalori, buah juga kaya vitamin dan mineral. Mengkonsumsi buah sebelum makan bisa mengenyangkan sebelum makan besar. Hasilnya, perut terasa lebih penuh sebelum makan, sehingga bisa mengurangi masuknya kalori.

9. Ukur-ukur
Ajari anak Anda berapa banyak porsi yang masuk akal. Contoh, sajian nasi yang cukup kira-kira sebesar sendok scoop es krim. Untuk membuat si kecil terbiasa melihat perkiraannya, biarkan si kecil mengambil nasi dengan scoop es krim dari mangkuk nasi untuk makan malam nanti. Ukuran makan daging yang cukup untuk anak-anak sekitar sebesar tumpukan kartu remi. Jadi, bawa perbandingannya saat akan makan nanti.

Feeding Your Toddler

source : http://www.keepkidshealthy.com/toddler/feeding_your_toddler.html

Feeding toddlers can be challenging. They are often picky eaters, are hesitant to try new foods, and in general, don’t seem to eat very much.
To begin planning your toddler’s diet, it can help to begin with the idea that toddlers need a lot less to eat than you think. Remember that children aren’t growing as fast as they were during their first year of life and so have lower energy needs (the amount of calories per kg of their body weight) and smaller appetites. So if your child is active, healthy, and growing and developing normally, then he is likely getting plenty to eat.
It can also help to avoid common mistakes, such as:
• drinking more than 16-24 ounces of milk each day.
• drinking more than 4-6 ounces of juice each day.
• letting your child fill up on sweets and snacks.
• forcing your child to eat when he isn’t hungry.
• giving servings that are too big. The average toddler serving is going to be about 1/4 of an adult serving size. Don’t go by the serving size listed on nutrition labels, as these are mainly for older children and adults.
Toddler Food Pyramid
Well, there isn’t a toddler food pyramid. The Kids’ Food Pyramid is for children aged 2-6 years, but you can still use it to guide what your younger toddler eats, including 6 servings of grains, 3 servings of vegetables, 2 servings of fruits, 2 servings from the milk/dairy group, 2 servings from the meat and protein group, and a limited amount of fats and sweets. Just remember that the serving sizes will be smaller for younger toddlers and are equal to about 1/4 an adult’s serving size.
The Basics of a Toddler’s Diet
Although you shouldn’t usually count calories, knowing how many calories your toddler needs can help when planning his diet and can also help reassure you that your child is getting enough to eat.
The average toddler needs about 1300 calories each day. Bigger kids will need a little more and smaller kids a little less. A good rule of thumb is that your toddler will need 40 calories each day for each inch of his height.
If he is following AAP recommendations as to how much milk and juice he drinks, that will take care of:
• 300-455 calories (about 19 calories per ounce) from whole cow’s milk (or a similar amount from breastmilk if you are breastfeeding your toddler 2-3 times a day) if he is drinking 16-24 ounces a day. Remember to not give low fat milk until your child is 2-3 years old and don’t overdo it on milk. If he gets up to 48 ounces of milk a day, then he is getting over 900 calories a day just from milk, which is almost 70% of the number of calories he needs all day
• 60-90 calories (about 15 calories per ounce) from juice. Don’t overdo it on juice either. If your child is drinking 2-3 10 ounce sippie cups of juice, that is giving him 300-450 extra calories.
• A common problem scenerio we see in kids who don’t eat much, is a toddler who drinks 4 cups of milk and 3 cups of juice each day. That can add up to 1350 calories, which is probably more than he needs all day, so it is not surprising that this child wouldn’t be hungry for other foods.
So you now have only another 550-950 calories to get in him, divided between three meals and two snacks. That usually isn’t very hard if you look at the number of calories in foods kids usually eat (although you should be choosing more healthy alternatives for many of these foods):
• american cheese (one slice) = 45 calories
• apple (1/2 small apple) = 40 calories
• banana (1/2) = 50 calories
• beef, ground ( ounces) = 85 calories
• bologna (1 slice) = 90 calories
• bread (1/2 – 1 slice) = 20-40 calories
• breakfast cereal (1/4-1/2 cup) = 40-80 calories
• chicken nuggets (3 – 6 pieces) = 105-210 calories
• eggs (1/2 – 1 egg) = 35-70 calories
• french fries (7 – 15 steak fries) = 60 – 120 calories
• french fries (8 – 17 Funky Fries) = 150-300 calories
• fruit cocktail, canned (1/4 ounce) = 50 calories
• Grahm Crackers (1 – 2 sheets) = 60-120 calories
• grape jelly (1 tablespoon) = 50 calories
• hot dog (1/2 – 1 hotdog) = 60-120 calories
• ice cream (1/2 cup) = 135 calories
• Macaroni & Cheese (2 1/2 ounces) = 260 calories
• mozzarella cheese (1 ounce) = 80 calories
• pancakes (1) = 60 calories
• peanut butter (1 tablespoon smooth and thinly spread) = 95 calories
• pizza, cheese (1/2 – 1 slice) = 140-290 calories
• Pop Tart (1/2 – 1 pastry) = 1-200 calories
• popsicle (1) = 70 calories
• pudding (1/2 cup) = 110 calories
• vegetables (1 tablespoon per year of age) = 25 calories/tablespoon
• yogurt (1/3 cup) = 50 calories
A sample breakfast, with 1/2 cup (4 ouces) of cereal, 1/4 cup of milk and 4 ounces of orange juice would give about 230 calories. If you instead gave a slice of bread with 1 tablespoon of peanut butter and jelly and 4 ouces of orange juice, your toddler would get over 250 calories.
For lunch, consider a 1/2 sandwich (one slice of bread), with 1 slice of lean luncheon meat (90 calories) and cheese (45 calories) . Or a tuna fish sandwich (add 1/2 tablespoon of mayo to the tuna to get 50 extra calories). Or a sliced and quartered hot dog. And water, juice or milk.
Dinner might include 1-2 ounces of chicken (75-100 calories) or beef (120-165 calories), 2-3 tablespoons of vegetables (50-75 calories), some whole wheat bread (40 calories) and 1/2 cup of milk (76 calories).
Plus, your child will likely need a couple of small snacks mid-morning and in the early afternoon. These might include 1/2 cup of milk (76 calories) or juice (60 calories), 2-3 tablespoons of fruit (50-75 calories), or a slice of cheese (45 calories). Alternatives might include some jello, pudding, or yogurt.
This sample diet outlined above will give your child well over 1000 calories. In reality, he may not eat 3 full meals each day though. Many toddlers just eat one good meal a day and it is usually still fine. If he eats a good breakfast (250 calories), a small lunch and dinner (100 calories each), has a couple of snacks (150 calories each), 16 ounces of milk (300 calories), and 6 ounces of juice (90 calories), then he is still getting almost 1200 calories.
If you (or your Pediatrician) doesn’t think that your child is getting enough calories, there are ways to boost the amount of calories he eats in small quantaties of foods. See our guide to boosting calories for more information.
Here are some more sample toddler diets:
• AAP: Sample One Day Menu
• Sample Meal Ideas for Toddlers
• Quick and Healthy Breakfasts for Kids
• Vegan Toddler Food Guide
Don’t Worry About –
The only real time that you should worry is if your child isn’t gaining weight well or isn’t very active. An overly restricted diet with too much milk and juice might also be a problem.
Things that you shouldn’t worry about include a toddler that:
• doesn’t seem like he eats a lot. Remember that as long as he is gaining weight and is active and healthy, then he is likely getting enough calories.
• only eats a few kinds of food each day, such as peanut butter and jelly sandwiches, hot dogs, or chicken nuggets and french fries.
• won’t try any new foods. You can keep trying to introduce new foods by putting a very small amount (like 1/2-1 tablespoon) on his plate and don’t force him to try or finish it. Many kids won’t try a new food until they have been offered it 10 or more times.
• doesn’t eat a balanced diet each day. Most kids don’t. As long as his diet seems balanced over a week or two, he is likely getting enough variety. If he really isn’t, talk to your Pediatrician about the need for a vitamin supplement.
• doesn’t finish everything on his plate. The idea that children should sit at the table until they ‘clean’ their plate is out of fashion. Instead, children should be taught to recognize when they are full and then stop eating. If your toddler isn’t finishing what you offer, learn to offer smaller portions.
• doesn’t eat what you prepare for him. Try to avoid making elaborate meals for your toddler or offering foods with a lot of spices or sauces. Instead, keep things simple. While you shouldn’t have to prepare a separate meal for your toddler every day, don’t be surprised if he doesn’t want to eat ‘adult’ foods.
• is overweight. Okay, you should be a little concerned if your child is overweight, even at this age. However, instead of restricting calories, you may just want to provide a healthy diet and encourge regular physical activity. Be sure to watch your serving and portion sizes (offer toddler size portions) and don’t offer too much milk, juice, or high calorie snacks.

20 tips for picky eaters

source : http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/childrens-health/HQ01107

Children’s nutrition: 20 tips for picky eaters
Is your child a picky eater? Use these practical tips to avoid mealtime battles.
By Mayo Clinic staff

Your preschooler has refused to eat anything other than peanut butter sandwiches for the past two days, and your toddler would rather play than eat anything at all. Sound familiar?

If children’s nutrition is a sore topic in your household, you’re not alone. Many parents are distressed by what their children eat — or don’t eat. However, most kids get plenty of variety and nutrition in their diets over the course of a week. Until your child’s food preferences mature, prevent mealtime battles one bite at a time.

1. Respect your child’s hunger — or lack thereof. Young children tend to eat only when they’re hungry. If your child isn’t hungry, don’t force a meal or snack.
2. Stay calm. If your child senses that you’re unhappy with his or her eating habits, it may become a battle of wills. Threats and punishments only reinforce the power struggle.
3. Keep an eye on the clock. Nix juice and snacks for at least one hour before meals. If your child comes to the table hungry, he or she may be more motivated to eat.
4. Don’t expect too much. After age 2, slower growth often reduces a child’s appetite. A few bites may be all it takes for your child to feel full.
5. Limit liquid calories. Low-fat or fat-free dairy products and 100 percent fruit juice can be important parts of a healthy diet — but if your child fills up on milk or juice, he or she may have no room for meals or snacks.
6. Start small. Offer several foods in small portions. Let your child choose what he or she eats.
7. Boycott the clean plate club. Don’t force your child to clean his or her plate. This may only ignite — or reinforce — a power struggle over food. Instead, allow your child to stop eating when he or she is full.
8. Leave taste out of it. Talk about a food’s color, shape, aroma and texture — not whether it tastes good.
9. Be patient with new foods. Young children often touch or smell new foods, and may even put tiny bits in their mouths and then take them back out again. Your child may need repeated exposure to a new food before he or she takes the first bite.
10. Eat breakfast for dinner. Who says cereal or pancakes are only for breakfast? The distinction between breakfast, lunch and dinner foods may be lost on your child.
11. Make it fun. Serve broccoli and other veggies with a favorite dip or sauce. Cut foods into various shapes with cookie cutters.
12. Recruit your child’s help. At the grocery store, ask your child to help you select fruits, vegetables and other healthy foods. Don’t buy anything that you don’t want your child to eat. At home, encourage your child to help you rinse veggies, stir batter or set the table.
13. Set a good example. If you eat a variety of healthy foods, your child is more likely to follow suit.
14. Be sneaky. Add chopped broccoli or green peppers to spaghetti sauce, top cereal with fruit slices, or mix grated zucchini and carrots into casseroles and soups.
15. Keep it separate. If your child isn’t a fan of various ingredients thrown together, you might “unmix” the food. Place sandwich fixings outside the bread, or serve the ingredients of a salad, casserole or stir-fry separately.
16. Stick to the routine. Serve meals and snacks at about the same times every day. If the kitchen is closed at other times, your child may be more likely to eat what’s served for meals and snacks.
17. Minimize distractions. Turn off the television during meals, and don’t allow books or toys at the table.
18. Don’t offer dessert as a reward. Withholding dessert sends the message that dessert is the best food, which may only increase your child’s desire for sweets. You might select one or two nights a week as dessert nights, and skip dessert the rest of the week. Or redefine dessert as fruit, yogurt or other healthy choices.
19. Expect some food preferences to stick. As kids mature, they tend to become less picky about food. Still, everyone has food preferences. Don’t expect your child to like everything.
20. Know when to seek help. If your child is energetic and growing, he or she is probably doing fine. Consult your child’s doctor if you’re concerned that picky eating is compromising your child’s growth and development or if certain foods seem to make your child ill.

Your child’s eating habits won’t likely change overnight. But the small steps you take each day can help promote a lifetime of healthy eating

Food Pyramid — How much is a serving?

source :http://www.goaskalice.columbia.edu/0715.html

Alice,

Is there a chart that lists how much of various foods constitute a “serving” under the new Food Pyramid guidelines?

— Trying to eat healthy

Dear Trying to Eat Healthy,

Knowing what and how much to eat can feel overwhelming. In recognition of the fact that more Americans are overweight and obese than ever before, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)/U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recently rebuilt the pyramid — the food guide pyramid, that is. This new pyramid now goes by “MyPyramid” and makes suggestions based on age, gender, and activity level. It no longer recommends amounts of food in terms of serving size, but rather suggests portions according to actual weights and amounts of specific foods. You can learn more about how to apply the new food guide pyramid recommendations to your lifestyle at http://www.MyPyramid.gov.

Even though there is no single chart that details how much of a particular food a serving constitutes, you can click on each food group’s heading (see below) for more information on common portion sizes. Also, here’s a basic breakdown of the new guidelines:

Breads, Cereals, Rice, and Pasta
One serving equals 1 slice of bread; 1/2 cup of cooked rice, pasta, or cereal; or 1 ounce of cold cereal. All of these serving sizes are known as “ounce equivalents” in MyPyramid-speak.

As a general rule of thumb,
1 serving size/ounce equivalent of bread = plastic CD case
2 servings/ounce equivalents of cooked brown rice = a tennis ball

Vegetables
Unlike the Breads, Cereals, Rice, and Pasta group described above, cup size matters when it comes to vegetables. That is, vegetables servings are measured in cups rather than ounces. One serving equals 1/2 cup of raw or cooked vegetables or vegetable juice or 1 cup of leafy raw vegetables.

1 serving size = 1/2 cup of broccoli = a light bulb
1 serving size = 1/2 cup of potato = a computer mouse

Fruits
Like the vegetable group, cup size matters here, too. One serving equals 1 cup of fruit or 100 percent fruit juice, or 1/2 cup of dried fruit. Because fruits come in so many different shapes and sizes, it’s hard to say how many pieces of fruit count as a serving.

Generally, 1 serving size of whole fruit = 1 tennis ball
1 serving size of cut fruit = 7 cotton balls

Milk, Yogurt, and Cheese
One serving equals 1 cup of milk or yogurt, 1.5 to 2 ounces of cheese, and even 1.5 cups of ice cream. Choose low-fat options from this group whenever possible.

1 serving size of cheese = 2 9-volt batteries

Meat, Poultry, Fish, Dry Beans, Eggs, and Nuts
Like the Bread, Cereals, Rice, and Pasta group, serving sizes are also measured in ounce equivalents. One serving or ounce equivalent equals 1 ounce of cooked lean meat, poultry, or fish; 1/4 cup dried beans, after cooking; 1 egg; 1 tablespoon of peanut butter; or 1/2 ounce of nuts or seeds.

3 servings/ounce equivalents of fish = 1 checkbook
3 servings/ounce equivalents of meat or poultry = 1 deck of cards
2 servings/ounce equivalents of peanut butter = 1 roll of 35 mm film or 1 ping-pong ball

Oils
MyPyramid.gov measures serving sizes in teaspoons.

1 serving/teaspoon of margarine and spreads = 1 dice
2 serving/teaspoons of salad dressing = 1 thumb tip

Because these oils are found in many of the foods we eat, there may not be a need to add this group to your diet. For example, half of a medium avocado or 2 tablespoons of peanut butter provide 3 and 4 teaspoons or servings of oil respectively, while also counting towards your vegetable or nuts allowance.

Remember, also, that most portions in the U.S. are oversized and contain several servings of the recommended categories. Ideally you want most of your food to be whole grains, plenty of fruits and vegetables, low-fat calcium fortified foods (such as milk and cottage cheese), and lean sources of protein (such as fish, turkey, and chicken).

If you’re hungry for more information on dietary recommendations, check out the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 and the American Dietetic Association’s Food and Nutrition Information web site. At Columbia, you can make an appointment with a registered dietitian or nutritionist to discuss your concerns and get more individualized information by calling Primary Care Health Services at x4-2284 or logging-in through Open Communicator.

Alice

Picky Eater

Sumber : http://www.wholesometoddlerfood.com/pickyeater.htm

ini saya coba terjemahkan artikel picky eater. karena bahasa inggris yang masih cetek tolong koreksinya kalo ada yang salah terjemahin. artikel aslinya ada dibawah artikel ini.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Saat kita menjumpai anak balita tercinta kita tiba2 memilih2 makanan yang mau dia makan.. oo goshh here it comes. Picky eater. Dan itu pun menimpa devenku tercinta… tapi tenang aja kita ga sendiri. Dan aku dapet artikel bagus dari wholesometoddlerfood.com tentang picky eater ini.
Dan ini uraiannya…
Balita Picky Eater adalah NORMAL.. thank God ternyata itu normal toh hehehee.. baru tau.. dan itu biasanya menimpa balita usia 2-4 tahun. Persis mirip deven. Dan inilah beberapa alasannya mengapa anak picky eater :
1. Anak-anak biasa dengan rutinitas dan kadang takut dengan orang baru atau pengalaman baru. Jadi semua rasa baru, textur makanan baru atau aroma makanan baru sangat menakjubkan buat anak balita. Sehingga mereka kurang begitu suka dengan makanan yang mereka tidak kenal
2. Menolak makanan adalah salah satu cara mereka menunjukkan kemerdekaan mereka. Seiring anak kita sudah bisa kesana kemari dan mencapai tahap perlembangan yang lebih tinggi lagi, dia sudah dapat merasakan kemampuannya dan mulai memiliki pendapat tentang apa yang dia ingin lakukan dan kemana dia ingin pergi. Ini perjuangan yang biasa terjadi antara orangtua dan anak—pada usia ini anak mencoba semua hal disekililingnya. Tidak terkecuali di meja makan.
3. Berantem dalam hal makan membuat si balita ini mengobservasi sebab dan akibat. Tidak ada yang lebih membuat balita ini puas selain melihat apa yang akan dilakukan orangtuanya ketika mereka melawan kehendak orangtuanya.
4. Beberapa anak tidak membutuhkan banyak makanan. Anak anda bukan bayi lagi. Bayi cepat bertumbuh tapi dari usia 1-3 tahun anak akan tumbuh lebih lambat. Sebenernya ada beberapa minggu dimana mereka tidak tumbuh sama sekali. Selera makan balita akan bervariasi tergantung dari periode pertumbuhan—kadang dia akan lebih lapar dan lebih membutuhkan banyak makanan disbanding lain waktu. Dan karena perut anak juga kecil, dia tidak membutuhkan banyak makan untuk mengenyangkan perut mereka..
Apa yang dikatakan para pakar tentang picky eater ?
1. Siapkan makanan yang simple (sederhana)
2. Tawarkan pada anak makan dalam porsi kecil di piring kecil
3. Biarkan anak yang meminta makan dan minum lebih atau minta nambah
4. Jangan paksa anak menghabiskan makanan sebelum mereka memakan dessert atau makanan penutup
5. Pertimbangkan untuk menyajikan dessert dengan de-emphasize dessert (apa nih artinya ga mudeng?)
6. Puji anak saat ia mencoba makanan baru dan tunjukkan tingkah laku yang baik saat makan
7. Gunakan waktu makan untuk mendiskusikan hal positif seperti tingkah laku yang baik atau hal-hal yang mereka lakukan dengan baik di hari itu.

Gimana ada yang bisa dicoba untuk diterapkan???

The Picky Eater – Yikes!

Sumber : http://www.wholesometoddlerfood.com/pickyeater.htm

Has your once wonderful little foodie suddenly become picky? Don’t worry, you’re not alone! Picky eaters, especially Toddlers who are picky eaters, typically resume normal eating habits as they see fit. There really is no rhyme or reason to most Toddlers who are picky eaters!
Toddler Picky Eaters are Normal!
It’s quite normal for toddlers to go through a finicky-eating phase for emotional, development, and physical reasons, according to Sal Severe, PhD, author of How to Behave So Your Preschooler Will Too! (Viking, 2002). Not surprisingly, 95 percent of picky eaters are between the ages of 2 and 4. Here are some of the reasons children often become picky eaters at this stage:
1. Little children thrive on routine and are sometimes fearful of new people or experiences. All those new tastes, textures, and smells can be overwhelming to a toddler, so he’s less likely to try an unfamiliar food.
2. Refusing food is a toddler’s way of declaring her independence. As your child becomes mobile and reaches more developmental milestones, she gains a sense of her own capabilities and starts to have more opinions about what she wants to do and where she wants to go. It’s a common struggle between children and their parents — kids at this age are testing the world around them, and the dinner table is no exception, notes Loraine Stern, MD, an associate clinical professor of pediatrics at the University of California, Los Angeles.
3. Food fights allow a toddler to observe cause and effect. There’s nothing more satisfying to a toddler than seeing what his parents will do when he asserts his will.
4. Some kids don’t need much food. Your little one isn’t a baby anymore. Babies grow at a tremendous pace, says Dr. Stern, but 1- to 3-year-olds grow more slowly. In fact, there are weeks when they don’t grow at all. A toddler’s appetite will vary according to that particular growth period — sometimes she’ll be hungrier and need more food than at other times. And since a toddler’s stomach is small, she doesn’t need much food to feel satisfied.
What do the Experts say about Picky Eaters?
The Yale Guide to Children’s Nutrition Status, by William V. Tamborlane, M.D. suggests the following to help make mealtime more productive and less stressful for everyone:
Prepare relatively simple meals.
Present the child with small portions on a small plate.
Allow the child to ask for more food and drink.
Do not insist that the child finish the meal before having dessert OR
Consider serving the dessert with the meal to de-emphasize dessert.
Praise the child for trying new foods and for exhibiting appropriate behavior at the table.
Use mealtime as a time to discuss positive things such as good deeds, good behaviors or nice work done that day.
12 October 2007 – Picky Eaters – It’s genetic
The New York Times had an article on 10 October that we just found out about. We thought you might be interested in it too! Here’s a snippet:
Researchers examined the eating habits of 5,390 pairs of twins between 8 and 11 years old and found children’s aversions to trying new foods are mostly inherited.
The message to parents: It’s not your cooking, it’s your genes.
The study, led by Dr. Lucy Cooke of the department of epidemiology and public health at University College London, was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in August. Dr. Cooke and others in the field believe it is the first to use a standard scale to investigate the contribution of genetics and environment to childhood neophobia.
According to the report, 78 percent is genetic and the other 22 percent environmental.
“People have really dismissed this as an idea because they have been looking at the social associations between parents and their children,” Dr. Cooke said. “I came from a position of not wanting to blame parents.”
By KIM SEVERSON
Published: October 10, 2007
A WEEK’S worth of dinners for young Fiona Jacobson looks like this: Noodles. Noodles. Noodles. Noodles. French fries. Noodles. On the seventh day, the 5-year-old from Forest Hills, Queens, might indulge in a piece of pizza crust, with no sauce or cheese.
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Related
The Experts Suggest (October 10, 2007)
Recipe: Broccoli Trees With Cheese Sauce (October 10, 2007)
Recipe: Quick Glazed Snow Peas (October 10, 2007)

Photo illustration by Tony Cenicola/The New York Times
Over in New Jersey, the Bakers changed their November family vacation to accommodate Sasha, an 11-year-old so averse to fruits and vegetables that the smell of orange juice once made him faint. Instead of flying to Prague, Sasha’s parents decided to go to Barcelona, where they hope the food will be more to his liking.
And at the Useloff household, young Ethan’s tastes are so narrow that their home in Westfield, N.J., works something like a diner.
“I do the terrible mommy thing and make everyone separate dinners,” Jennifer Useloff said.
All three families share a common problem. Their children are not only picky eaters, prone to reject foods they once seemed to love, but they are also neophobic, which means they fear new food.
But for parents who worry that their children will never eat anything but chocolate milk, Gummi vitamins and the occasional grape, a new study offers some relief. Researchers examined the eating habits of 5,390 pairs of twins between 8 and 11 years old and found children’s aversions to trying new foods are mostly inherited.
The message to parents: It’s not your cooking, it’s your genes.
The study, led by Dr. Lucy Cooke of the department of epidemiology and public health at University College London, was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in August. Dr. Cooke and others in the field believe it is the first to use a standard scale to investigate the contribution of genetics and environment to childhood neophobia.
According to the report, 78 percent is genetic and the other 22 percent environmental.
“People have really dismissed this as an idea because they have been looking at the social associations between parents and their children,” Dr. Cooke said. “I came from a position of not wanting to blame parents.”
Nutritionists, pediatricians and academic researchers have recently shifted focus to children who eat too much instead of those who eat too little. But cases of obesity are less frequent than bouts of pickiness.
In some families, communal meals become brutal battlegrounds, if they haven’t been altogether abandoned. Cooks break under the weight of devising a thousand variations on macaroni and cheese. Strolls through the farmers’ markets are replaced with trudges through the frozen food aisle.
For parents who know that sharing the fruits of the kitchen with family is one of the deep pleasures of cooking, having a child who rejects most food is a unique sort of heartbreak.
Hugh Garvey, an editor at Bon Appétit magazine, knows the heartbreak firsthand. He shares his experience on gastrokid.com, a blog he created with a British pal that details the gastronomic life of families. His daughter, 6, is an omnivore’s dream child. But his son, 3, will eat only brown food.
“The way I comfort myself is the way any quasi-sane parent comforts himself,” Mr. Garvey said. “It’s like potty training. Eventually, they’re going to graduate from diapers. In the end, he’ll eat something green.”
Most children eat a wide variety of foods until they are around 2, when they suddenly stop. The phase can last until the child is 4 or 5. It’s an evolutionary response, researchers believe. Toddlers’ taste buds shut down at about the time they start walking, giving them more control over what they eat. “If we just went running out of the cave as little cave babies and stuck anything in our mouths, that would have been potentially very dangerous,” Dr. Cooke said.
A natural skepticism of new foods is a healthy part of a child’s development, said Ellyn Satter, a child nutrition expert whose books, including “Child of Mine: Feeding With Love and Good Sense” (Bull Publishing, 2000), have developed a cult following among parents of picky eaters.
Each child has a unique set of likes and dislikes that Ms. Satter believes are genetically determined. The only way children discover what they are is by putting food in their mouths and taking it out over and over again, she said.
“Of course, it’s hard when children are just so blasé about food or refuse it, especially for parents who spend a lot of time thinking about it and preparing it,” she said.
The genetic link makes sense to Jennifer Useloff, whose son enjoys only variations on the same theme: bread and cheese, with some fruit and the occasional chicken nugget. His younger sister, Samara, isn’t as picky but sometimes follows her brother’s lead.
Mrs. Useloff, 36, was once a picky eater herself. Although she drank gallons of milk, she couldn’t abide raw fruits or vegetables. New foods with strange textures literally frightened her.
The aversion lasted until her 20s, when she worked to overcome her fears. Even today, she refuses to buy cucumbers.
“I feel guilty,” she said. “I worry that I’ve done this to them.”
Even though food neophobia appears to be genetic, doctors say parents of picky eaters can’t just surrender and boil another pot of pasta.
“We have to understand that biology is not destiny,” said Patricia Pliner, a social psychology professor at the University of Toronto. “This doesn’t necessarily mean there is nothing we can do about the environment.”
Picky Eaters? They Get It From You
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/10/dining/10pick.html?_r=1&oref=slogin
People who study children prone to flinging themselves on the floor at the mere mention of broccoli agree that calm, repeated exposure to new foods every day for between five days to two weeks is an effective way to overcome a child’s fears. (Other strategies for getting children to eat
Of course, attempting to introduce the same food week after week can be a Sisyphean task. Some parents just give up. That is more or less what Jessica Seinfeld did.
Mrs. Seinfeld, the wife of the actor Jerry Seinfeld and the mother of three young children, became fed up with trying to get her children to eat fruits and vegetables. The oldest, Sascha, who is 6, is so picky she used to dictate what the rest of the family ate.
“It made cooking in my house impossible,” Mrs. Seinfeld said. “I was so miserable every night. I felt like a failure as a cook and a failure as a mother.”
So Mrs. Seinfeld took an end run around the problem and developed a method of feeding her children that is, essentially, based on lying.
Her new book, “Deceptively Delicious” (Harper Collins), outlines a series of recipes based on fruit and vegetable purées that are blended into food in a way that she says children won’t notice. Half a cup of butternut squash disappears into pasta coated with milk and margarine. Pancakes turn pink with beets. Avocado hides in chocolate pudding and spinach in brownies.
“My theory, and my husband will back me up on it, is that all of this food tastes better,” she said.
And even though she admits to leaving a box of macaroni and cheese on the counter when she’s making the stealth vegetable version, she doesn’t think her children will mind when they discover that mom’s pulled a fast one.
“My kids now are really starting to get that this is a special way my mom knows how to cook,” she said.
Some experts don’t buy the method.
“It doesn’t strike me as the best strategy,” Dr. Pliner said.
There is the issue of being found out, at which point a child might not trust new foods the parents present. And hiding foods doesn’t help a child learn to appreciate new tastes, she said.
“What we want children to do is like a lot of different foods,” she said. “If squash is perfectly disguised, children are not learning anything. Well, they are learning something, but it’s not to like squash.”
If neither repeated introduction nor hiding the vegetables works, and as long as a pediatrician is keeping an eye on the child’s health, the experts suggest nothing more than patience.
“Unless it becomes a huge issue, it tends to be a little more fleeting than parents think,” said Harriet Worobey, director of the Nutritional Sciences Preschool at Rutgers University. “I know a year can seem like five to parents, but these food jags are normal.”

Balita Tidak Makan 3 x Sehari

saya terjemahkan dari sini
http://www.wholesometoddlerfood.com/Toddlers.htm
kalo ada yang salah tolong koreksi ya pembaca… bahasa inggris saya masih terbatas.

Baru dapet artikel lagi dari sini.. http://www.wholesometoddlerfood.com/Toddlers.htm. yaitu balita tidak makan sehari 3x. wah sama banget ama deven. Deven laper Cuma pagi ama sore. Siang disuapinnya susah banget.. paling 3-4 suap. Tapi kalo pagi dan sore jangan Tanya… hap hap hap.. berpuluh2 suap ampe muntah bisa dehh hihihi
Ini dia ternyata ada artikelnya :
Anda akan memperhatikan seiring hari demi hari pertumbuhan balita anda tapi balita anda jadi seperti semakin tidak merasakan lapar. Tapi ini biasa terjadi pada balita makan sarapan oke (banyak maksudnya). Siang juga oke dan malam.. meninggalkan 99% persen dari isi piring alias ga mau makan.
Kebanyakan balita makan hanya 1-2 kali per hari.. Ya itu BENARRR!!
Jika anda berpikir balita anda harusnya makan 3x sehari dan harus habis sepiring—ternyata balita anda tidak makan sebanyak itu bahkan tidak perlu makan 3x sehari. Yang dibutuhkan balita anda setidaknya 1000 calori per hari menurut AAP.
AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) merekomendasikan anak dari umur 1-3 tahun mendapat sekitar 40 kalori per inchi tinggi badannya per hari.
Misal : anak anda tingginya 32 inchi berarti idealnya makan sekitar 1300 kalori per hari untuk pertumbuhan normal dan penambahan berat. Kalori ini harus berasal dari sumber-sumber yang disebuthkan dibawah ini.
So, Apa artinya buat balita?
Anda harus menyiapkan makanan seimbang dan snack yang sehat untuk balita anda. Menawarkan makanan dengan gizi seimbang, terutama pada waktu makan snack akan mengatasi kekurangan makan selama waktu makan. Contohnya kalau balita anda tidak minum susu saat sarapan, berikan keju untuk sarapannya. Jika anak anda menolak makan daging di makan siangnya, berikan dia tofu dengan cheerio atau granola crumb di snacknya (binun kana pa itu cheerio atau granola, terus terang saya juga binun hihi).
Di contoh ini, sementara anak kukurangan protein dan kalsium selama sarapan dan makan siangnya. Kita masih punya kesempatan untuk mengejarnya di waktu snacknya!
Balita makan seperti kita sekeluarga makan. Balita kita masih di fase lambat-kemudian-cepat-kemudian-lambat-pertumbuhan dan akan terus seperti itu dengan berbagai macam perubahan. Kita akan menemukan bahwa member makan balita menjadi sedikit mengurangi stress kita sebagai orangtua saat kita menyadari bahwa apa yang dinamakan ukuran penyajian makanan untuk balita (istilah kerennya, porsi makan balita + gizinya)
Apa yang dinamakan serving size (ukuran penyajian) untuk balita ?
Peraturan yang baik untuk satu ukuran penyajian sebagai berikut :
1 sendok makan per usia atau
¼ porsi orang dewasa per usia anak
Pada jadwal makan berikutnya, gunakan ukuran ini dengan benar dan lihat sendiri bagaimana makanan yang sedikit itu yang harusnya dimakan balita kita. Dan kita akan sangat terkejut.
Berapa banyak yang harus saya coba berikan untuk dimakan balita saya per hari ?

Kebutuhan balita :
Buah dan Sayur : 4 serving per day
Protein : 2 serving per day (telur, daging, tofu etc)
Dairy : 16-24 ounces per day (cheese, yoghurt)
Graing : 4 serving per day (roti, cereal, rice)

Ketika merencanakan dan menyajikan makan untuk balita anda, coba untuk membuat balita anda untuk mengkonsumsi per harinya :
– 2-3 cup of calcium-milk (yoghurt, cheese, makanan kaya kalsium)
– 4 serving buah dan sayur (ukuran serving : 1 SDM per year of age). 1 serving harus tinggi vitamin C dan A
– 4 serving grains-roti dan cereal. Satu harus baby cereal yang diperkaya zat besi. Satu serving kira2 ¼ atau 1/3 porsi orang dewasa (1/4 slice toast, ¼ cup pasta)
– 2 serving protein – daging, kacang2an, telur, tofu, selai kacang. Satu ukuran yang bagus harus disajikan di setiap waktu makan. 1 serving = ½ ounce

Resources & Learning More:
USDA’s Searchable Nutrient Database – Enter in any food and find it’s nutrient content
Your Child’s Growth – Dr. Sears
Feeding Infants and Toddlers by William Sears, MD

Toddlers Do Not Eat 3 Full Meals!

source : http://www.wholesometoddlerfood.com/Toddlers.htm

My Toddler does not eat at Dinner!
You will notice as the day progresses that your toddler becomes less and less hungry. Rest assured, it is common for toddlers to eat great at breakfast, eat “ok” at lunch and come dinner time, your toddler may eat either miniscule bites or leave behind a 99% full plate.
Most toddlers will only eat between 1 to 2 “meals” per day. Yes, it is true!
If you think that your toddler should be eating a full meal at each mealtime, take heart – your toddler won’t eat 3 “full” meals and further, does not need to eat 3 “full” meals per day! What your toddler does need is at least 1000 calories per day, according to the AAP.
The AAP ( American Academy of Pediatrics ) recommends that children age 1 to 3 years get about 40 calories per inch of height a day.
Translation: Your 32-inch-tall toddler ideally should eat about 1,300 calories a day for normal growth and weight gain. These calories should come from the sources listed below as shown in the apple.
So what does this mean for My Toddler?
You should prepare balanced meals and healthy snacks for your toddler. Well balanced offerings, especially during snack time, will help you to overcome the inevitable lack of food intake during a meal. For example, if your toddler does not drink all of his milk at breakfast, give him cheese for a snack. If your toddler refuses to eat his meat at lunch, give him tofu bites dusted with Cheerio or Granola crumbs for a snack.
In these examples, while you may lament at the lack of calcium and protein intake during breakfast and lunch, you have taken the opportunity to “make up for it” during snack time!
Toss out the idea that your Toddler will suddenly be eating “like the family” does! Remember, your Toddler is still in a stage of slow-then-rapid-then-slow growth and is going through many changes! We find that feeding your Toddler becomes less complicated and frustrating when parents realize what a serving size for a Toddler really is.

What is Considered a Serving Size for a Toddler?
A good rule for serving sizes for toddlers is the following::
1 tablespoon per year of age or
1/4 of an adult serving per year of age!
At the next meal, use these measurements exactly and see for yourself how little food a Toddler should actually be eating. We bet you will be quite surprised!
How Much Should I Try to Have my Toddler Eat per Day?

When planning and serving meals to your toddler, try to have him/or her consume the following on a daily basis
• 2 to 3 cups of calcium – milk (or yogurt, cheese or other calcium rich foods).
• 4 servings of fruits and vegetables. (Serving size: one tablespoon per year of age.) One serving should be high in vitamin C and another in vitamin A.
• 4 servings of grains – bread and cereal. One should be an iron-fortified baby cereal. A serving is about 1/4 to 1/3 an adult portion (1/4 slice toast, 1/4 cup pasta).
• 2 servings of proteins – meat, beans, eggs, tofu, or peanut butter. A good serving of protein should be served at every meal. One serving equals 1/2 ounce. Courtesy of Parent’sPlace Nutritionist Q&A.
Resources & Learning More:
USDA’s Searchable Nutrient Database – Enter in any food and find it’s nutrient content
Your Child’s Growth – Dr. Sears
Feeding Infants and Toddlers by William Sears, MD
Nutritional guidelines for toddlers by Sue Gilbert, Consulting Nutritionist – Parent’s Place
RDA for toddlers? by Sue Gilbert, Consulting Nutritionist – Parent’s Place
Nutrient Information from the the American Society for Nutritional Sciences

Enam Kesalahan Orang Tua Soal Makanan

sumber : 2008 detikcom
Si kecil hanya mau makan ayam goreng saja? Atau hanya mau makan cokelat saja? Tidak mau makan nasi? Tidak suka minum susu? Mungkin inilah akibat kesalahan yang dibuat orang tua dalam mengatur makanan anak. Apa saja kesalahan yang sering dibuat orang tua?

Kecenderungan anak menyukai makanan tertentu atau menolak makanan tertentu diamati oleh Ms. Worobey, Director of the Rutgers University Nutritional Sciences Preschool di New Brunswick, New York. Dalam sebuah wawancara yang ditulis oleh Tara Parker Pope, New York Times, Ms. Worobey menyatakan bahwa urusan makanan anak sudah sangat serius.

Makanan anak bisa membuat masalah kegemukan pada anak juga masalah kekurangan gizi. “Jika anak doyan cokelat, orang tua cenderung menurutinya saja. Karena itu yang membuat mereka nyaman. Padahal cokelat saja tidak cukup nutrisinya buat anak,” demikian koomentarnya.

Kesulitan makan atau memilih makanan tertentu merupakan hal yang wajar dalam tumbuh kembang anak. Apalagi anak-anak merupakan neophobic – tidak suka dengan hal-hal baru termasuk mencoba makanan baru.

Inilah 6 kesalahan umum yang dilakukan oleh orang tua dalam pemberian makanan pada anak-anak:

1. Melarang anak masuk dapur: Dengan alasan ada kompor, api, air mendidih atau peralatan dapur yang berbahaya, orang tua selalu melarang anak-anak masuk ke dapur saat mereka memasak. Padahal dengan mengajak mereka bersama-sama memasak makanan,
Baca lebih lanjut